The term for the first time appeared in 1997 in a book called The Digital Nomad, written by Tsugio Makimoto and David Manners. Their book described the invention of a singular, all-powerful communication device that would allow employees the ability to work from anywhere, among other hypotheses.
Digital nomads are people that live a nomadic lifestyle and are location-independent. They use technology to do their jobs. Instead of being physically present at a company’s headquarters or office, digital nomads telecommute. Content management software, inexpensive Internet connectivity via WiFi, smartphones, and Voice-over-Internet Protocol (VoIP) to contact clients and employers have all contributed to the digital nomad lifestyle. In addition, the rise of the gig economy has had an impact.
Digital nomads may also be families who work and educate their children in nomadic lifestyle. We have coined the term Digital Familists. Digital nomads are not necessarily only young people. The average age, according to one survey, is 35 years old. They have the potential to raise a generation that knows how to live and coexist with each other.
Coworking is an arrangement in which employees from different firms share office space, allowing for cost savings and convenience by sharing infrastructures such as equipment, utilities, receptionist and janitorial services, and, in some situations, refreshments and parcel acceptance services. Independent contractors, independent scientists, remote employees, digital nomads, and frequent travelers will find it appealing. Coworking also helps workers avoid the social isolation they might feel while remote working or traveling and eliminates distractions. The majority of coworking spaces have membership fees. WeWork and IWG plc are two major providers of coworking space and serviced offices.
Co-living is a type of residential communal living when three or more biologically unrelated persons share a single dwelling unit. Coliving is a sort of intentional community that offers shared housing to people who share similar beliefs or goals. Coliving can simply consist of group chats in common areas or weekly dinners, but it frequently includes shared workspace and cooperative initiatives such as living more sustainably. Coliving is becoming more popular around the world as individuals seek the same benefits as other community living arrangements (such as communes or cohousing), such as “comfort, affordability, and a stronger sense of social belonging.”
A virtual private network (VPN) extends a private network across a public network, allowing users to send and receive data as if their computers were physically linked to the private network. Increased functionality, security, and control of the private network are all advantages of using a VPN. It is frequently used by distant workers to gain access to resources that are not available on the public network. Although encryption is widespread, it is not a requirement of a VPN connection.
A VPN is formed by using dedicated circuits or tunneling technologies to build a virtual point-to-point connection over existing networks. A VPN accessible via the public Internet can offer some of the advantages of a wide area network.